FPAC

Foundation for Promotion of Academic Collaboration

Experiments and Experiences with Alternative Techniques and Adapted Building Methods

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Background – Examples – Affects / Conclusion

by Prof Dr Norbert Pintsch, IPC, FPAC

BACKGROUND

Various activities were undertaken in the Berlin period by the IPC (Charly, Johnny, etc.), which can be disregarded in the present consideration. A special project was the Power Box, a joint effort between Germany and Malaysia (see: www. ...).

With increasing international activity from 1990, which started in Pakistan and then continued into Cameroon, Colombia, etc., new challenges were encountered in the field of construction methods and technology.

EXAMPLES

In the TTTC of the AeFeA (NGO) in Pakistan, solar cookers, solar dryers, windmills (Savonius principle), hot water heaters, also a power box, for applications in rural areas and able to be locally produced, i.e. also without electricity and special tools, were made available and accessible not only to the villagers, but also to student visitors for educational purpose.

The objects were made in small quantities, distributed and sold and explained in lectures and workshops - from Adamkot in the south to Bahawalnagar to Abbottabad.

In the case of building methods, foremost the “women's center”, a competition for building samples was carried out, with a jury, awards and an exhibition. Not only experiences from excavations in the ancient city of Harappa by M. Kenoyer (three-layer wall construction used 5000 years ago, today referred to as passive solar architecture) were used, but also tests carried out in the wind tunnel of the TU Berlin before building, in order to ensure natural ventilation and air circulation cycles; The village and the planned development were modeled in accordance with the results of the study.

Different materials were used for the buildings (mud bricks, hollow bricks, solid wall and combinations with insulating material, also upside-down clay pots). The temperature was measured regularly at fixed points in order to use the experiences for later buildings (Lahore, D.I.K.). The experimental buildings in Lahore (PCC and BNU) were financed by the German Embassy and the IPC, the one for DIK (flood victims) by the Rotarians and with the help of the SES. The objects for the flood victims also considered results of developments in adapted technology. The building experiments in the BNU led to establishment of an Institute for Experimental Buildings (IEC, see www. ...).

The requirements for AT (alternative technology) and AB (adapted, climate-friendly construction) were different in Pakistan, Cameroon, Colombia, but similar in prevailing conditions (lack of tools, lack of electricity, etc.).

In Bamenda/Cameroon a permanent exhibition for AT and AB was created in the Center for Adapted Techniques (CAT, NGO), with workshops, lectures and presentations from Douala to Bafoussam to Maroua. A cooperation with the BUST led to the founding of the IAM; CAT's work has received several awards and it has been praised in press articles, the crown was thereby the establishment of RUC / Royal University Centre.

With the support of the then GTZ, as well as the IPC, also with the support of the SES, Misereor, etc., CAT-clubs were established in the districts of the former NW province; the Kids-Club in Bamenda conducted and still conducts environmental workshops, despite the turbulent situation in the English-speaking areas.

In Colombia, TM (ONG) Saboya was able to bring awareness about AT to the people in the town; Through cooperation with a workshop in Chiquinquira, equipment was manufactured for schools (to explain and raise awareness of the students about AT) and remote Fincas (independent of power supply) and introduced for use. A particular success was the branch in Leticia on the Amazon with the assistance of the National University in Bogota (including a course for environmental technology as a run-up to an exhibition in the Museum Leopoldo Rother with material from Germany ). IdEpeT, an institution for like-minded people, was established in project and partner locations. In Colombia, the project work was supported by IPC, DGFK, Misereor and SES.

EFFECTS

If one asks about the achievements of the activities outlined, then, according to spectacular reports in the media, they are visible in everyday life. Everyday life includes coping with the normal demands of life and dealing with other developments. People in rural areas in particular are subject to enormous information pressure from the cities. In order to appear open minded, ideas are being adopted which are usually not compatible with the environment. There is a certain tragedy in the subsequent realizations of the townsfolk, whose previous influence on the rural population had already had a negative impact on the environment. A certain traditional conservative attitude can be helpful here, but it will be difficult for the willing and affected to maintain it.

A remarkable example was the experience in a Pakistani village - one lived there, in today's sense very environmentally friendly, was economical with water and fuel! And all this without much dependence on the urban areas.

CONCLUSION

All in all one can say: Good ideas require the right point in time and a minority that lives what it considers right and environmentally friendly!

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posted by S A J Shirazi @ 8:47 AM, ,

PRGRAMME 2022

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The FPAC operates in the academic and pre-academic fields. Supporting the village project has been a major area of interest. In 2022, FPAC intends to support the KIdsClub, an initiative of the Center for Appropriate Technology in Bamenda, through training program in Appropriate Technology.

In Lahore, FPAC has undertaken financial support of talented students. A student has been selected and offered an FPAC grant as financial support. dem Foerderrpeis der FPAC.

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posted by S A J Shirazi @ 8:49 AM, ,

Spending-oriented leisure activities

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Income-generating measures

A long overdue lesson

to the DGFK societies & FPAC

by

Prof Dr Norbert Pintsch

The circle of terminologies is closing!

It is not easy to remain focused in the sea of meaningless terminologies and constantly repeating everyday occurrences.

The progressive fragmentation of society and the consequent development of new terminologies suggests a new development , which however on closer look proves to be merely a changed look.

The past in the form of the old generation seems to be losing its justification.

The youth representing what is still to come is pressing for recognition.

Between them the army of middle-aged persons.

One has to deal with everyday issues, living like a beetle between tree and bark and cannot really do how or what one would like to do.

Awakening, progress and future, these are the battle cries of the army leaders at the zenith of the overview, but they cannot perceive the emerging fog; the mixture of feet on the ground and reaching for the sky prevents this!

While the forefathers understood only the principle of work, in the course of industrialization this evolved into a mixture of working hours and free time, from which non-industrialized countries remained less affected.

Until then, life was still shaped by local character and was actually analogue, but with time it became increasingly international and also affected the less industrialized countries.

Actually escape from the limitation in own country by venturing into foreign lands.

Meanwhile, it is no longer possible to escape from the digital, global village. Even traditional work methods exist lesser and lesser and is iincreasingly infected with occupations of trivialities.

The sense of achievement through well defined tasks exist no longer and they are replaced by occupations that no longer lead to sense of achievement in the traditional sense. Free time exists no longer, the entire time becoming a conglomerate of income-generating measures and expenditure-oriented employments.

Classic profiling is becoming less well known, training and further education is part of consumerism. Despite the calls for growth restrictions, the environment is ruined - not without constant, but quite entertaining Cassandra music.

Nature, for some, a mystical power, for others - they prevail as terminology and pseudo-scientific curiosity occupy the content of their heads ... SEQUITUR ET It goes on and on - Et ca continue, encore et encore - Lo sigue y sigue. 

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posted by S A J Shirazi @ 8:56 AM, ,

Digitization is eating away at its creators and helpers

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When reality and pseudo-reality alienate each other

by Norbert Pintsch

INTRODUCTION:

Literature and quotations are deliberately avoided here.

So that it becomes easier to ignore

One can confidently dedicate oneself to pleasant things of the virtuality.

The short text is dedicated to the few students and open minds in the RUC.

SCIENCE AS SUPERFICIALITY

Sensitive or explosive topics attract interested parties. They want to learn more and the especially the good ones want to have a list of publications in order to control, discard, expose the author of a challenging article, to accuse of unscientific approach, - and by the way to convey; everything is in the best of order, and if not, then it will be soon!

EARLY CHILDHOOD WEANING

Children should learn to use the tools of the future as early as possible. The fascination of the virtual world has captured all areas. Its implementation in industrial production process is evident. Use of computers for designing, constructing and developing work is very common, previously income generation tools for freelance professions such as lawyers, tax consultants, auditors, - in the industry you get used to the use of algorithms (Industry 2.0).

ERRORS AS IMPOSSIBILITY

It is inevitable that the curious - wise ones are hardly available in this branch and they have no voice in business life - good and enthusiastic develop further. Economic success counts and what can then be consumed. Scenarios are developed unrestrainedly, but also lived, so that the thought of a wrong approach becomes impossible to imagine!.

STUDY AS CONSUMABLE ITEM

What you don't know, you can't forget, and so you live in vegan nirvana as a novelty, which has long been known to the wise. Digitization covers all the differences on the planet. This is industry-friendly, therefore economical and, if you firmly believe in it, also environmentally friendly and resource-saving.

NO THEORY WITHOUT PRACTICE

No names are deliberately given here, but the model of permanent alienation from reality should stimulate thinking: each period of time relates to previous, practical experiences and development of a new theory. If the practice level is omitted, then a theory level develops which is falsely taken to be practice, etc. The production of errors becomes so immense that recognizing them is increasingly difficult!

NETWORKING AS A FLOSCLE

The euphoric nerds and Knights of Unworldliness, hardly have they gotten to know real life, have moved from one country to the next, without having gained experience with the peculiarities of the respective cultures.

UNIFORMITY REPLACES INDIVIDUALITY

Without having touched a piece of material in reality, they develop on the screen, have robot-friendly products calculated, test drugs without knowing life, they feel themselves qualified to advise others on conflicts, without ever having experienced a real conflict!

INTELLECTUAL EMPTYNESS AS TOOL FOR EVALUATION

Do the developers and their helpers notice how they are embedded in consumption themselves? - Why is that so? There is no need or interest for reflecting on their behaviour, besides, there is no time!

Terms like morality and ethics do not appear in the world of program developers and improvers, which makes intellectual cannibalism easier.

The attentive reader will have definitely discovered parallels in his environment! 

Introductory lecture in the IPC, on the occasion of the pandemic development

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posted by S A J Shirazi @ 3:50 PM, ,

III Essays by Norbert Pintsch

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Dear students and friends of the FPAC, 

In our Thatta Kedona funding project in the village of Thatta Ghulamkha Dhiroka were BBC journalists at the exhibition opening by HEIKUs the project initiator Dr Senta; Unfortunately, there were no visitors because of the pandemic come. 

Let us all wish each other health and be happy to the new year 2021! 

PS .: Three essays by our SRF Prof. Norbert Pintsch.

3 Essays Booklet by Norbert Pintsch on Scribd

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posted by S A J Shirazi @ 10:32 AM, ,

What one doesn't know, it is better to remain silent about that

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What one thinks to believe, it is better
to be silent about it.

by Prof. Norbert Pintsch, SRF/FPAC

If one were to take the statements of the heading and the subtitle to heart, there would only be social noises on the planet, such as: Oh, so, - ah, yes, So-so, - the difference to cattle on a pasture would not be very big, - whereby the principles: coming-staying-going are still true for all life!

Presumably, there are special relationships in each individual thoughts and Expression. Where do the thoughts come from and where do you get the names in the spoken expression? It is a lengthy process that starts even before the schooling and is always associated with imprints from the respective cultural environment.

When the schooling starts, "half the matter" is already set, and it would not be false to say if - instead of the schooling, individual experiences were being made. In the existing, impact-oriented life styles, there are various stipulations that hardly allow any space for deviations from the standard.

When special challenges arise in the increasingly globalized and digitized world with its unification and uniformity doctrines, we are not equipped to handle them. Attempts to find solutions can only be undertaken with existing instruments, whether in research, development, production!

The call for creativity and innovation is acoustically understandable. But cannot be implemented because the huge system is stuck. Weaknesses and general problems are repaired, refurbished, modernized. Short-sighted and short-term action and financial success are the yardstick, although human weaknesses are reflected in all undertaken measures.

Special situations such as wars, (natural) disasters, illnesses - specially of longer duration, offer both opportunities and challenges. So you have to think about the causes and act accordingly. This however contrasts with the persistence of global political, social and large economic systems.

However, the individual can, in parallel and during the course of usual schooling and qualification phase, step alongside oneself and practice free thinking. A fundamental effect would be to find out what is actually believed and what is factually known, see heading and subtitles. The resulting knowledge leads to a shock!

Such a shock is the prerequisite for the beginning of independent thinking and will not be based on the quantity of publications studied. Perhaps even the childhood impressions have to be taken into account in order to process the subsequent schooling.

Wars, disasters, diseases - they are challenges and opportunities to understand yourself and the environment and to move from the short-sighted and short-term effect-oriented to the far-sighted and long-term cause-oriented action and effect. It means free thinking - a luxury that everyone can afford, even if the daily problems of the cost of living and making sense of life are still to be overcome!

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posted by S A J Shirazi @ 7:16 PM, ,

Study and Research Opportunities in Germany

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On 5 March 2020, a seminar and expo was organized at the University of the Punjab about "Study and Research Opportunities in Germany". Dr. Inge Iqbal, Director of DAAD - German Academic Exchange Service was the main speaker and she explained in a detailed presentation the procedure for admission to German universities and getting scholarships. The event was organized jointly by IML (Partner of Goethe-Institut) and DAAD in collaboration with the Institute of Languages at the Punjab University. IML is also a partner of the FPAC (Foundation for Promotion of Academic Cooperation), which was represented at the event by its Senior Research Fellow, Prof. Dr. Norbert Pintsch from Germany.


A large number of students attended the event in the large auditorium of the Institute for Biochemistry and Biotechnology. An exchange of information took place with the students showing great interest. Prof. Dr. Fahim Aftab (Department of Botany) and Prof. Dr. Rubeena Zakir (Department of Sociology) reported on their great experiences during their research time in Germany.


Prof Dr Rubeena contributed her experience from her doctoral studies.

Prof. Aamir Rafique delivered an interesting report of possibilities of learning German language in Lahore. At the end, Pro-Vice Chancellor of the university, Prof. Dr. Saleem Mazhar congratulated the students and the organizers for the wonderful event and assured all support of the university in this regard.

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posted by S A J Shirazi @ 9:27 AM, ,